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Handheld Smart Spectrometer device based on the NeoSpectra Micro development Kit. To determine the degree of maturity, the reflection spectrum is recorded non/destructively and evaluated directly in the embedded device.



t has already been proven that near infrared (NIR) reflectance spectroscopy can be used to measure the maturity of grapes by the determination of the sugar and acid content. Until now, winegrowers frequently collect a random one hundred berries sample per plot, to measure these parameters destructively for the estimation of the ideal harvest time of the gained product. Meanwhile, inexpensive sensors are available, to build convenient instruments for the non-destructive, low-priced and fast control of ripening parameters in the vineyard. For this, a small handheld device including a NIR sensor (1350 nm – 2600 nm) was built from a Raspberry Pi 3 single-board computer and a NIR sensor. Spectra of individual berries, sampled from Riesling (Vitis vinifera, L.) were collected. Corresponding reference data were determined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Samples were taken from different fruit as well as cluster zones and from the beginning of véraison until after harvest, to ensure a broad range of ingredients and the ripening properties of different berries from the vine. This study is the first that systematically investigates the ripening parameters of a whole vineyard with a handheld sensor. The sensor can be used in viticulture practice to detect the ripening progress and determining the ideal harvest time effective, simple, and non-destructively.

Published in: 
Research Gate
Food & Beverages
Date of Publication: 
March 1, 2021
Lucie Cornehl / Xiaorong Zheng /Anna Kicherer / Robin Gruna / Reinhard Toepfer
Julius Kühn-Institut / Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies
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