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Rapid Analysis of Milk Using Low Cost Pocket Size NIR Spectrometers and Multivariate Analysis



The miniaturisation of analytical devices, reduction of analytical data acquisition time, or the reduction of waste generation throughout the analytical process are important requirements of modern analytical chemistry, and in particular of green analytical chemistry. Green analytical chemistry has fostered the development of a new generation of miniaturized near/infrared spectroscopy (NIR) spectrometric systems. However, one of the drawbacks of these systems is the need for a compromise between the performance parameters (accuracy and sensitivity) and the aforementioned requirements of green analytical chemistry. In this paper, we evaluated the capabilities of two recently developed portable NIR instruments (SCiO and NeoSpectra) to achieve a rapid, simple and low/cost quantitative determination of commercial milk macronutrients. Commercial milk samples from Italy, Switzerland and Spain were chosen, covering the maximum range of variability in protein, carbohydrate and fat content, and multivariate calibration was used to correlate the recorded spectra with the macronutrient content of milk. Both SCiO and NeoSpectra can provide a fast and reliable analysis of fats in commercial milk, and they are able to correctly classify milk according to fat level. SCiO can also provide predictions of protein content and classification according to presence or absence of lactose.

Published in: 
Milk & Dairy Processing
Date of Publication: 
August 10, 2020
Jordi Riu / Giulia Gorla / Dib Chakif / Ricard Boque/Barbara Giussani
Università degli Studi dell'Insubria/ Universitat Rovira i Virgili
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