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The potential of handheld near infrared spectroscopy to detect food adulteration: Results of a global, multi/instrument inter/laboratory study



Fraud in the food supply system will be exacerbated by shortages caused by climate change and COVID-19′s impact. The dried herbs market exemplifies complex supply chains attractive to criminals seeking financial gain. Real-time remote testing is achievable through development of globally accessible chemometric models for portable near infrared devices, deployed throughout supply chains. This study describes building of models for detection of oregano adulteration, on portable near infrared devices, and comparison to a laboratory-based Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy method. 33/34 portable devices were able to correctly classify 5 out of 6 samples successfully with all adulterated samples being correctly classified following the use of appropriate transferability pre-processing routines. The devices native setup shows limited ability to perform a true screening of oregano using the setup offered. However modifications to the setup could in the future offer a solution that facilitates fit-for-purpose real time detection of adulterated samples within the supply chain.

Published in: 
Food & Beverages
Date of Publication: 
November 29, 2020
Terry F. McGrath a/ Simon A. Haughey a/ Marivil Islam b/ Christopher T. Elliott
Queens University Belfast / International Atomic Energy Agency
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